Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
TDRP UPDATE
March 2013
(covering TDRP Activities in February 2013)
 
    Regional Activities

African Union

Photo from left to right Dr. Tarel Sarif, Head of Defense & Security Division, Peace & Security Department (AUC). DR. Kambudzi Admore Mupoki, Head of Division for Peace & Security Council. Ambassador Zachary Muburi-Muita, Head of the UNOAU. Abrerrahim Fraji, TDRP Manager
Photo from left to right
Dr. Tarel Sarif, Head of Defense & Security Division, Peace & Security Department (AUC). DR. Kambudzi Admore Mupoki, Head of Division for Peace & Security Council. Ambassador Zachary Muburi-Muita, Head of the UNOAU. Abrerrahim Fraji, TDRP Manager

On February 18, TDRP Manager Abderrahim Fraji attended the launch by the African Union Commission of the AU Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Capacity Program (AU DDRCP) in Addis Ababa. The purpose of the conference was to inform partners on the start of the AU DDR Capacity Program and to raise funding for the AU DDR activities for the three year period from January 2013 to December 2015. The three main components of the project aim to:

- Institutionalize DDR capacities within the African Union,

- Establish an AU DDR Resource and Research Centre,

- Facilitate AU engagement and assistance to DDR activities of Member States and Regional Economic Commissions and Regional Mechanisms.

The TDRP supported the development of the AU DDRCP in the course of 2012 and in partnership with the UNOAU and the DDR section of DPKO. Mr. Abderrahim Fraji confirmed that the TDRP will continue its support in 2013.

Details on the conference are available on the AU Peace and Security website

Empowerment of Socio-economic Associations & Cooperatives

Implementation and disbursement of the pilot is well under way. The baseline survey for DRC and CAR is expected to be finalized this month and preparation for the Mid-term review, scheduled for early April, is ongoing. In February, Caritas identified 100 trauma cases in need of psycho social support. A health center was identified to take care of most of the serious cases. All training activities were completed and CARITAS will soon start the economic part of the project. Jupedec is currently acquiring equipment and cattle for the pilots’ farms.

A ‘Practionners Workshop on Empowering Socioeconomic Associations in Conflict-affected Areas’ was convened in Kampala from February 11 – 13. The objectives of the workshop were to enhance knowledge of participants on the use of socio-economic associations in conflict-affected areas and to improve the implementation of the TDRP pilot program through related knowledge exchange. Participants included TDRP pilot program implementation partners Caritas (DRC) JUPEDEC (CAR) and Gulu University and Zoa Pader as local partners of Triodos (Uganda), as well as practionners from government and NGOs in countries within and beyond the LRA-affected area across Côte d’Ivoire, the Republic of South Sudan and Colombia.

The workshop began with detailed presentations and discussions of experiences beyond the context of the TDRP pilot program providing valuable lessons from which to launch discussions on the ongoing work in CAR, DRC and Northern Uganda. Workshop participants went on to examine the experiences within each of the pilot countries in more detail, looking at specific challenges and solutions to date with a view to sharing these experiences among practionners through thematic break-out group sessions. The workshop also included an interactive session on the importance of psychosocial considerations in conflict-affected areas and basic training on related approaches. The workshop concluded with a working session to draw out key common lessons and recommendations emanating from the three days to contribute to programming going forward. A follow-on meeting is expected to be convened following the mid-term review process during May/June either through videoconference or in-person.

Update on the Impact of Vocational Training on the Reintegration of Ex-combatants Study

DRC

During February, the TDRP conducted a scoping mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo to initiate a multi-country research project on the sustainability of outcomes from Vocational Training in DDR. The primary objective of the mission was to inform and adjust the draft “Impact of Vocational Training on the Reintegration of Ex-Combatants” study design and questionnaires. The TDRP team met with former implementing partners of the UEPNDDR vocational training, current service providers of vocational training, institutional organizations involved in delivering vocational training over the course of the MDRP and TDRP, government agencies, NGOs and CBOs that were involved in this component of the MDRP and TDRP program, and ex-combatants (XCs) who participated in vocational training. The scoping mission included meetings with key the national DDR commission and key implementing partners including ILO, FAO and CARITAS to discuss learning to be gathered in the study, to identify the scope of the research and to determine the logistics for completing the full study. The mission helped the TDRP team determine the best methodology to employ for the study and formulate a finalized design and questionnaires to be used for the current study. 

RWANDA

A TDRP research mission is visiting Rwanda as a part of the “Impact of Vocational Training on the Reintegration of Ex-Combatants” study. The primary objective of this study is to help assess the efficacy and sustainability of formal vocational training provided to ex-combatants through DDR programs which was aimed at assisting and facilitating their economic reintegration back into their original or new communities. Between March 3rd and 11th, the TDRP team conducted semi-structured interviews with key informants from vocational training institutes in and around Kigali and met with key individuals at the Rwanda Reintegration and Demobilization Commission (RDRC). A group of eight local-hire research assistants will conduct mixed-methods surveys on ex-combatants who completed the vocational training program, those who completed apprenticeship training, and ex-combatants who have participated in neither. Concurrently, the TDRP team will meet with key staff at vocational training centers as well as other key stakeholders in multiple locations around Rwanda’s Northern Province and Southern Province.

Coming Months

In April and May, the TDRP will finalize the “Impact of Vocational Training on the Reintegration of Ex-Combatants” study. The purpose of the study is to examine the performance of Vocational Training components of Formal DDR in DRC and in Rwanda with a view to ascertaining: (i) which and the degree to which design-related and environmental factors including those identified above have affected the results of Vocational Training components, and (ii) how sustainable the outcomes of vocational training are and what measures could be taken to improve both the effectiveness and the sustainability of the outcomes of vocational training. It is anticipated that the study will identify learning that the TDRP can translate into general principles regarding the success of DDR Vocational Training, and a practice note to inform DDR programming not just in the areas studied but in other countries. The studies will allow the TDRP to more accurately gauge the influencers on efficacy and sustainability of DDR vocational training and inform the design of future vocational training programs and other stabilization interventions. The findings will be drafted into separate reports for each of the countries; however an overall synthesis will be presented at the Tunis Conference being held jointly with the African Development Bank in Tunis, Tunisia in May 2013.

Tunis Conference for June 2013

This year, the TDRP is planning its annual conference on DDR in Tunis, Tunisia from June 4-5, 2013. The objectives of this year’s conference, which will be jointly held with the African Development Bank (AfDB), to showcase the best practices and successes from the TDRP and the AfDB and what the donor contributions have helped the Program achieve, and to discuss how the TDRP and AfDB are planning for the future. The Conference will cover case studies by both TDRP and AfDB, focusing on several thematic areas such as rural livelihoods, economic associations, vulnerable groups (women, children and youth, and medically disabled ex-combatants) in DDR, teacher’s training, and vocational training in DDR. The conference will begin with the “History and Experience of DDR” session where speakers will introduce “DDR before DDR,” by presenting the early efforts of demobilization and reintegration in the Maghreb and South Africa. In the second day, the conference will include a special session on social media and post-conflict environments where speakers will discuss their experiences on how social media was used during the Arab Spring in Tunisia and Egypt. It is expected that the Conference will allow practitioners and researchers to exchange ideas and foster discussion on key issues and future planning pertaining to DDR.

Technical Assistance

Cote d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoire

The TDRP has continued its technical assistance to the ADDR with regards to further elaborating the reinsertion and reintegration strategy together with ADDR, European Commission and UNDP. TDRP has thus provided substantial inputs and comments to the strategic DDR document, has finalized together with ADDR the first draft of the communication strategy as well as the coordination mechanism. The next step for ADDR would be to share the documents both internally and with its partners for comments and validation.

The TDRP also participated and assisted in facilitating the PAPC workshop, which was organized by the Prime Minister’s office. The purpose of the workshop was to discuss the Additional Financing Project Objectives, components and activities and to validate the approach. Among the participants were line Ministries, ADDR, CSOs,, UNHCR, UNDP, CDVR. The TDRP has also provided technical assistance in preparing required Bank documents for the Additional Financing request.

CARDemocratic Republic of Congo

The training on psychosocial issues of trainers of UNDDRRR section staff of MONUSCO is on-going.

  DDR Operations

CARCentral Africa Republic
Community Reintegration Project

TTL: Abderrahim Fraiji

Financing: $8.6 m tdrp logo, $2m JSDF

While two out of the 4IPs have re-started their activities, they're facing lots of difficulties depending of the location of their activities. Although ACTED and PU don't have major security concerns in Paoua, they are still facing problems with contractor as they don't want to work in their regions due to the current situation in the country. Acted is looking at a new contractor to do their planned water wells, and Solidarités Internationales has suspended activities in Kabo and IRC in Kaga-Bandoro.

While the Project was fully on track in terms of activities, because of the delays incurred due to the ongoing situation, it does not seem realistic anymore to have the activities completed by the end of June 30. Therefore the TDRP is re-assessing the activities with all the partners while the situation is closely monitored.

New Publication

Study

Ending War, Building Peace

14th TDRP Quarterly Report - October/December 2012 Contribution of the National DDR Programme in DRC to Peace in the African Great Lakes Region

May 2012
(PDF 4.6 MB)

Technical Assistance

ROCRepublic of South Sudan

The TDRP is continuing to give Technical Assistance to South Sudan Demobilization, Disarmament and Reintegration Program on a number of fronts. It has continued with assistance on the ICRS and been preparing a strategy plan for the first pilot project, which it will pilot. Working in collaboration with the SSDDRC the ICRS system has been advanced through the following stages the team undertook an analysis and validation of existing network, servers, network connectivity and bandwidth etc. interconnecting the Transition Facilities, State Offices and SSDDRC HQ in Juba.

The ICRS team has also validated and tested all equipment from the previous CPA-DDR currently in UNMISS warehouse and verified the state of equipment for the state offices currently being handed over to the commission by UNDP. It also validated the findings of testing UNDP DREAM system and its readiness for XC registration for the new DDR program. As a result of finding this inappropriate for the SSDDRC needs, the TDRP together with BICC and the SSDDRC has initiated the construction of a new architecture for DREA which will capture both biographic and biometric information of ex-combatants.

Based on the findings from above related to servers, hardware, software and network, recommend the changes and updated the ICRS technical document. The TDRP also continued to work closely with SSDDRC MIS in-charge and conducted a detailed system analysis of IT infrastructure in HQ Juba. In doing so the TDRP recommended a new infrastructure setup based on the requirements and findings. The proposed network and system diagrams are in the process of documentation and will be part of ICRS technical document.

The resultant new design of the network will be shared with TDRP and the DDR Commission and the ICRS technical document will incorporate all the design elements of the MIS system. The team also studied the existing Internet & VPN connectivity among HQ Juba, 10 State Offices and 2 Transition Facilities to ensure readiness for the pilot phase.

The TDRP team also completed a final draft pilot reintegration program document for the first reintegration pilot and was planning a mission in March to agree upon implementation modalities, including identification and contracting requirements for partner organizations. These will include agreeing of the final specifics of the program including: reintegration livelihood activities such as in the area of cooperatives, small farms and micro-enterprise development; DDR community support projects; and the eventual Monitoring and Evaluation system that will be implemented. In addition, the TDRP has been working with the SSDDRC to identify what level of Technical Assistance and mentoring is required over the next year.

Upcoming Events

4-5 March: Conference: Use of New Information and Communication Technology to Consolidate Peace-building in Africa. Durban (South Africa).

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