Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program

The Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program (TDRP) is a multi-donor initiative. It is a six-year program (2009-2015) financed by a multi-donor trust fund of US$33.7 million to support the return of ex-combatants to civilian life in Africa. The Program’s donors are the African Development Bank, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, and Sweden. TDRP activities are implemented by a World Bank technical team under the Social, Urban, Rural & Resilience Global Practice (GSURR).

The ultimate strategic goal of the TDRP is to enhance the prospects for stabilization and recovery in Africa.

TDRP follows in the footsteps of the larger regional DDR effort in the Great Lakes region - the Multi-country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP). Operating from 2002 to 2009, the MDRP was the largest Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) program in the world. Through a multi-donor trust fund and the International Development Association (IDA) financing reaching US$500 million, the MDRP supported activities in seven countries coming out of conflict: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda. Despite being implemented in difficult environments, MDRP supported the demobilization of 280,000 ex-combatants and the reintegration of 230,000. The program made significant contribution to the improved security situation in the Great Lakes Region. For more information on MDRP, please visit


The overarching goal of TDRP is to promote peace and security, which in turn facilitates the regional stability and development. Specifically, TDRP aims to

  1. 1.

    Provide financial and technical support for the implementation of existing demobilization and reintegration (D&R) programs

  2. 2.

    Expand D&R coverage by providing emergency financing for new D&R operations or ongoing programs with funding gaps

  3. 3.

    Facilitate dialogue, information exchange and learning on D&R to address the regional aspects of conflict, improve the quality of D&R efforts, strengthen coordination on policy and programming, and generate lessons for future programs.


TDRP follows its guiding principles while conducting its projects and operating the program:

  1. Country ownership of DDR programs: Countries lead the D&R efforts that the TDRP and other development partners support.

  2. Reintegration of ex-combatants into civilian life: TDRP supports social and economic reintegration - defined as the process through which formerly disenfranchised ex-combatants are reincorporated into, and accepted by, mainstream society as community members.

  3. Phasing out of DDR in the Great Lakes: TDRP assists governments to phase out of, and transition from, DDR to broader recovery and development programs that benefit communities and war-affected populations.

  4. Inter-organizational harmonization: TDRP supports collaboration among key actors with a view to harmonizing approaches, reducing duplication of efforts, creating synergies and building on comparative advantages of organizations involved in different aspects of D&R.

About TDRP
About TDRP

pdf(PDF - 1.87 MB)
TDRP Program Paper and Operational Procedures
TDRP Program Paper and Operational Procedures
November 2009

pdf(PDF - 710 KB)

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