Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
Angola
Angola map
 
Country Brief:

Angola has maintained political stability since the end of the civil war. The new Constitution adopted in February 2010 established a presidential parliamentary system. Under the new system, the president is no longer elected by direct popular vote, but instead the head of the party winning the most seats in Parliament becomes President. The 2010 Constitution sets a limit of two five-year presidential terms effective from the 2012 election. Following the elections, the newly constituted government worked quickly to operationalize the National Development Plan, 2013-2017 which focuses on poverty reduction, eradication of hunger, accelerated infrastructure development, assistance to young entrepreneurs, and better access to education and vocational training.

Angola has made substantial progress in economic and political terms since the end of the war. However, the country continues to face massive developmental challenges which include reducing the dependency on oil and diversifying the economy, rebuilding its infrastructure, improving institutional capacity, governance, public financial management systems, human development indicators and the living conditions of the population.

The prospects for rule of law and peace are good. Progress is being made in ending armed conflict in the country, including in the oil-rich province of Cabinda where the Armed Cabinda separatists Frente de Libertação do Enclave de Cabinda (FLEC) have fought for independence since 1975. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed between the government and a faction of FLEC in 2006 seeking to bring a formal end to the conflict. However, sporadic attacks on government and other members of the society are still common.

 

DDR in Angola

From 2003 to 2008, Angola carried out a national DDR program (ADRP) financed by the Government, the MDRP, the World Bank and the European Commission. The program helped over 92,000 ex-combatants and their dependents reintegrate civilian life through a large number of sub-projects. The Government has launched a new DDR program to target over 150,000 ex-combatants from the FAA under the Lusaka and Bicesse processes, which is now being implemented. The Government is financing the program from its own resources. Under this program, 79 projects at the provincial level will assist the reintegration of 31.703 ex-combatants.

 

Country facts
Angola
Population (millions) 18.05
Life expectancy at birth (years) 51
Surface area (thousands sq. km) 1,246,700
Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4,850
GDP growth (annual %) 6.8%
 World Development Indicators
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