Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
Burundi map
Country Brief:

With a history of conflict and widespread poverty, Burundi has been working with the International Development Association (IDA) to rebuild peace and security, modernize public finance, provide basic services, and strengthen the agricultural sector. Since the Arusha Accords of 2000, Burundi has made progress toward political and social stability while also improving the lives of its people. Burundi is a small landlocked country with an economy dominated by subsistence agriculture. Coffee is the main export, accounting for more than 60 percent of export revenues and providing income to some 580 households. Thirteen years of ethnically-fueled civil war widened poverty, increased basic social needs, and severely damagedbasic economic infrastructure. Burundi faces tremendous challenges in diversifying the economy, reducing the vulnerability of the agricultural sector to shocks, andstrengthening good governance and anti-corruption practices within a highly politicized civil service.


TDRP Activities

In Burundi, the Programme national de démobilization, réinsertion et réintégration (PNDDR) ran from 2004 to 2008, financed by the World Bank and the MDRP. The program achieved about half of its objectives, demobilizing 23,000 combatants, releasing over 3,200 children from armed groups, and supporting the reintegration of 22,000 ex-combatants. A follow-up DDR operation financed by a World Bank (IDA) grant of $10 million was approved in June 2009, with co-financing from other donors in the form of a multi-donor trust fund of $10 million.

The TDRP provides technical assistance to the DDR activities in Burundi.


Country facts
Population (millions) 9.8
Life expectancy at birth (years) 53
Surface area (thousands sq. km) 27,834
Gross national income per capita (current US$) 240
GDP growth (annual %) 4
 World Development Indicators
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