Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
Central African Republic
Central African Republic map
 

Update: The World Bank office in Bangui is currently closed and TDRP activities have been suspended.

Country Brief:

The Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country in central Africa, with a population of 4.5 million. The country’s history has been marked by political instability. In 2013, a major security and humanitarian crisis ravaged the country. In December 2012, a coalition known as Séléka (“alliance” in the Sango language), composed of five different armed movements, launched an insurrection against the Government of President François Bozizé, which culminated in a coup d’état in March 2013 (despite the signature of a peace agreement in January 2013 in Libreville, Gabon). The ousted Bozizé was exiled, and Michel Djotodia, the leader of the rebel forces, assumed power, becoming the first Muslim Head of State of a majority Christian country. Clashes, stemming from sectarian violence between supporters of the defeated president and the forces of the new regime, plunged the country into chaos.

The toll taken by the crisis, which rocked the country in 2013, was heavy: over 1,000 people were killed, and close to one million people fled their homes, with refugees currently representing nearly one quarter of the population. According to the United Nations, 2.2 million people are currently in desperate need of humanitarian aid. On January 9, 2014, a special summit of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), convened by Idriss Déby, the president of Chad, aimed to find solutions to the crisis. Accused of passivity in the face of the crisis, Michel Djotodia stepped down. On January 20, Catherine Samba-Panza, the mayor of Bangui, capital of the Central African Republic, was elected interim president by the National Transitional Council (NTC). Her mission is to bring peace to the country, revive a completely paralyzed administration, and facilitate the return of hundreds of thousands of displaced people to their homes. Based on the transition timetable, general elections (legislative and presidential) should be held by the first half of 2015 at the latest.
 
In 2014, the country’s economic outlook is uncertain given the profound impact of the 2013 crisis on the Central African economy: -19.8 percent GDP growth based on October 2013 projections. The economy remains fragile owing to successive crises, and the resources generated by CAR are inadequate for its development. State tax revenue represents less than 10 percent of GDP and is unable to finance basic public services. As a result, over 80 percent of public investment is externally financed.

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2014

 

TDRP Technical Assistance

TDRP worked closely with the World Bank country team in Bangui on the preparation of a Stabilization Action Matrix (STAM), which is a coordination and support tool conceived together with the country management team (CMT) in June 2012. STAM ties together time bound priority actions and analytical work through which TDRP supports the CMT in increasing the fragility responsiveness of operations and the related coordination with AU, the United Nations Integrated Peace-building Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA) and other development partners. As part of this initiative, TDRP initiated two studies on (i) the assessment of the available natural resources in CAR, and (ii) sub-regional stresses impacting reintegration and stabilization in the northeastern area of the country.

TDRP has also provided assistance to BINUCA in its DDR operations to strengthen their capacities with three consultants: two local consultants and one international DDR expert. In addition, TDRP agreed to provide support to the LRA focused activities of BINUCA with two consultants based in Obo and one consultant based in Bangui to coordinate the activities. The TDRP DDR consultant supported BINUCA and AU in DDR expertise in terms of the National Reintegration Coordination with the drafting of (i) a DDR Implementation Manual, and (ii) a Sustainable Reintegration Strategy in CAR.

Community Reintegration Project (CRP)

Background: In northern CAR, there have been a variety of conflicts: between local armed groups and state authority, between sedentary farmers and itinerant pastoralists, clashing over land and grazing rights, and villagers and bandits. Violence, crime and general lawlessness remain obstacles to recovery and reconstruction efforts. According to recent research, one out of four people feels unsafe, while 20% of the population suffered from physical attacks and four out of five people had to flee their home due to conflict. The social fabric is severely threatened and community relations are particularly difficult regarding ex-combatants, with three out of four people feeling uncomfortable living with former combatants as neighbors or in the same household. Besides the social consequences of the conflict, infrastructure has been severely damaged and communities suffer from limited access to water, schools, health posts, and roads. While opportunities for community leadership and economic development exist, communities require encouragement. Producer groups are present in most communities and informal community decision-making structures also exist but are in need of external support. In providing support to recovery in complementarity with other interventions by partners such as the UN system and the European Commission the CRP focuses on four geographical locations in three prefectures in the northern CAR. The CRP is designed with four components to reflect interventions in those four areas.

Description: The project development objective is to improve access to basic services and economic opportunities for local communities in the targeted areas of northern CAR, with a focus on youth and youth associated with armed violence. The project is divided into four components according to geographic and implementation demarcation: one implementing agency per component. The implementing agencies will undertake a complementary set of activities outlined below in furtherance of these objectives including basic livelihood support, training, employment creation and capacity building.

Component 1: community recovery in Ouham-Pende including rehabilitation of infrastructure including 50 kilometers of road, capacity building of supported communities and reconciliation activities.

Component 2: community recovery in Ouham-Pende and Nana Bribizi including rehabilitation of infrastructure, provision of agricultural support including technical assistance, seeds and tools to improve livelihoods, small business support, rehabilitation of water points and wells, training and capacity building.

Component 3: community recovery in Ouham-Pende including  rehabilitation of infrastructure including 40 kilometers of road, rehabilitation of Paoua market and five grain storage buildings, provision of seeds and tools, provision of micro-projects and capacity building combined with reconciliation.

Component 4: community recovery in Ouham including provision of seeds and tools, support to income generating activities, rehabilitation of agricultural infrastructure, training and support to dialogue.

Implementing Partners: ACTED, IRC, Premiere Urgence, and Solidarites International


 

Country facts
Central African Republic
Population (millions) 4.5
Life expectancy at birth (years) 49
Surface area (thousands sq. km) 622,984
Gross national income per capita (current US$) $510
GDP growth (annual %) -19.8
 World Development Indicators
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