Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
Côte d'Ivoire
South Sudan
Country Brief:

Although Côte d’Ivoire is emerging from the post-electoral crisis of November 2010, which shook the foundations of its social and economic fabric, the country is still vulnerable to both external and internal shocks. Overall, there has been marked improvement in security conditions - the number of attacks such as robberies, home or business break-ins, or car thefts fell, although the issue of ex-combatants remains a cause for concern.

Noteworthy progress has been made with respect to national reconciliation, particularly with the provisional release in August 2013 of 14 former pro-Gbagbo detainees, including the Secretary-General of his party, the Ivorian Popular Front [Front populaire ivoirien FPI]. The resumption of political dialogue between the opposition and the Government also helped ease tensions caused by the imprisonment at the Hague of former president, Laurent Gbagbo. As of mid-September, authorities in Côte d’Ivoire refused to transfer his wife, Simone, to the International Criminal Court (ICC) although required to do so by an international arrest warrant. The mandate of the Dialogue, Truth, and Reconciliation Commission [Commission Dialogue, Vérité et Réconciliation CDVR], which was established following the post-electoral crisis, should be completed by the end of 2013.

The National Development Plan for 2012–2015 aims for double-digit growth through five strategic pillars:

  • Citizens live in harmony in a secure society in which good governance is guaranteed;
  • Wealth creation increases and is sustained and inclusive, and the fruits of growth are equitably distributed;
  • Citizens, particularly women, children, and other vulnerable groups, have equitable access to quality social services;
  • Citizens live in healthy and satisfactory living conditions;
  • Côte d’Ivoire is successfully repositioned in the regional and international arena.

The conflict brought economic activity to a standstill, severely affected basic social service delivery and further damaged the country’s social fabric. Some progress has been made on the reconciliation agenda with the establishment of a Dialogue, Truth and Reconciliation Commission (DTRC). Perhaps the most important and difficult challenge is the restoration of peace and security. To foster this agenda, the National Security Council (Conseil national de sécurité - CNS) will define the strategic directions and national priorities regarding the Security Sector Reform (SSR) and the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of ex-combatants.

DDR will be implemented by the National authority for demilitarization, demobilization and reintegration (Autorité pour le Désarmement, la Démobilisation et la Réintégration des ex-combattants, ADDR). With the CNS and the ADDR, the country is re-launching the DDR and SSR processes, both of which are considered as key to restore peace, trust and recovery and stabilization.

Last updated: September 2013

TDRP Activities

In November 2012, the ADDR requested TDRP to provide technical assistance. Together with ADDR, TDRP has identified all the necessary components to finalize the main DDR program documents including the cadre programmatique and the DDR project document of general technical TDRP support. Additionally, based on the technical assistance needs identified, further support focused on the following areas: communication and sensitization, M&E, Information, Counseling and Referral System (ICRS) and gender. The team additionally provided technical assistance on the Post-conflict Assistance Project (PCAP), incorporating a fragility sensitive approach to the additional financing proposal of PCAP.

The TDRP continued providing technical assistance to ADDR and PCAP until May 2013. The main areas of this cooperation covered (i) finalizing the strategic DDR program document; (ii) organizing a workshop and developing the communications strategy based on the design developed; (iii) preparing a coordination mechanism for the implementation of the DDR program. In addition, the TDRP team also contributed to the development of the communication strategy for the West of the country; the Reinsertion and Reintegration strategy as well as the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between ADDR and PCAP. TDRP’s planned technical assistance to ADDR was completed in March 2013 with all deliverables provided to ADDR and PCAP. In May 2013, TDRP provided an M&E training and support to PCAP in preparation of the additional financing including on the elaboration of an M&E plan.


Country facts
Côte d'Ivoire - Photo: Ami Vitale / World Bank
Population (millions) 19.84
Life expectancy at birth (years) 50
Surface area (thousands sq. km) 322,463
Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1,220
GDP growth (annual %) 9.5
 World Development Indicators
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