Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
Democratic Republic of Congo
Democratic Republic of Congo map
Country Brief:

Since 2001, the country has been recovering from a series of conflicts that broke out in the 1990s. In the late 1970s, the DRC sank into an economic and social morass, the effects of which are still being felt today. In 1999, following the signing of the Lusaka Peace accords, a transitional government had been established, pending the holding of presidential elections in 2006, which were held peacefully. New institutions, such as the parliament, the senate and provincial assemblies, are now operational. The second presidential elections, held in November 2011, gave rise to concerns about the credibility and transparency of the electoral process. The level of insecurity that prevailed in Kinshasa during the elections declined as soon as a new government was appointed. However, the resurgence of conflicts in the eastern part of the country is an important challenge.
The DRC is still a fragile post-conflict country with huge reconstruction needs, but very little tax headroom and weak institutions. The country’s infrastructure, already hobbled by a lack of maintenance, has also been left badly damaged by the conflicts. The return to peace in most of the country in 2003 facilitated the adoption of political and economic reforms. Yet, despite progress made through political and economic reforms over the past five years, many communities live hand to mouth, with little access to markets to buy or sell goods and little access to public services. The United Nations estimates that there are some 2.3 million displaced persons and refugees in the country and 323,000 DRC nationals living in refugee camps outside the country. A humanitarian emergency persists in the more unstable parts of the DRC and sexual violence rates are high. Governance still gives cause for concern in the DRC.

Faced with poor governance indicators, the government adopted a governance contract in 2007 that lays out its objectives in four crosscutting areas (decentralization, public finance management, public administration, and transparency) and three sectors (public enterprises, the mining sector, and the security sector, including the demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants).
Last updated: September 2013


TDRP Activities

Since 2004, the Government of the DRC is working to demobilize and reintegrate ex-combatants that were involved in the many inter-ethnic and regional conflicts in the country. The national DDR program called the PNDDR (Programme national de désarmement, démobilisation et réintegration) is ongoing with African Development Bank funding. World Bank IDA funding closed in September 2011. Overall, the PNDDR demobilized 109,846 combatants, released 31,738 children from armed forces, and provided reintegration assistance to 83,360 former combatants.

The UEPNDDR is now focused on consolidating the achievements of reintegration support by establishing community farms in the east of the country.

Support to the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the DR Congo (MONUSCO)

The TDRP provides technical assistance to MONUSCO in Goma as needed. In the past, the TDRP has hired consultants seconded to the DDRRR Department in Goma and all consultants work directly under MONUSCO’s leadership. The TDRP also supported MONUSCO through capacity building in activities aiming to provide psychological support to former combatants. In the Phase II of this effort, training of trainers and supervised treatment, was carried out in Goma; however the process was disrupted several times due to the extremely volatile security environment.

Support to UEPNDDR – DDR Phase III

The TDRP provides technical assistance to the UEPNDDR (l’Unité d’Exécution du Programme National de Désarmement, Démobilisation et Réinsertion) on the program “Fermes Agricoles Pilotes” (FAP) in eastern provinces of DRC. The TDRP has worked closely with the Government of DRC, MONUSCO and other partners in the process. In addition, the TDRP offered some technical assistance to produce the operations manuals needed in order to start program implementation. The TDRP has been supporting the preparation of the new DDR phase (DDR III) that the Government of DRC is planning together with MONUSCO and UEPNDDR.


Country facts
Democratic Republic of Congo
Population (millions) 65,8
Life expectancy at birth (years) 49
Surface area (thousands sq. km) 2,345,409
Gross national income per capita (current US$) 230
GDP growth (annual %) 7,2
 World Development Indicators
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