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Angola - Final MDRP Fact Sheet - December 2008
English version (PDF 140 KB)
Angola experienced internal conflict from about 1961 to 2002. From 1961 to 1975, three groups fought the Portuguese for independence, and each other for control of the country: the Movement for the Popular Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) and the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA). After independence in 1975, geographic control was principally split between the MPLA holding the urban areas, and UNITA holding large portions of the rural east and south. The FNLA collapsed in 1976.
Attempts to end the conflict (Bicesse Accords 1991; Lusaka Peace Protocol 1994) failed due to contested elections in 1992 and UNITA's failure to fully comply with the conditions of the Lusaka agreement. By 1998, the peace process had collapsed. While Government forces slowly regained control, lowlevel guerilla warfare persisted in non-strategic rural areas until February 2002, when Jonas Savimbi, UNITA's leader, was killed in battle. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed on April 4, 2002, effectively putting an end to the armed struggle.
With the exception of continued sporadic conflict in the resource-rich Cabinda province, a degree of peace and stability have now returned to Angola and there is general consensus that the emergency humanitarian phase has passed. Parliamentary elections took place in September 2008.
Angola Demobilization and Reintegration Program- ADRP
Institute for Socio-Professional Reintegration of Ex-combatants - IRSEM
$246.3 million (World Bank IDA grant: $38.8 million | Multi-Donor Trust Fund: $30.23 million | European Commission grant: $ 20.3 million| Government of Angola: $157 million)
Closed December 31, 2008
The ADRP aimed to help consolidate economic stability in Angola and in the greater Great Lakes region by
Overall Progress Table:
Final Progress Update:
The project also provided support to develop the procedures for reintegration project review and approval, to design the project management information system, and to train provincial and central office staff of IRSEM.
The final report indicated that UNDP reached 85% of the targeted beneficiary group including provision of seeds and tools to 40,716 ex-combatants, and economic reintegration support to an estimated 4,300. The project is also credited with effectively launching the project review and approval process that is currently being used under the ADRP and in the development of the project's main information system for tracking beneficiaries. The main challenges encountered were weak implementation partners that caused delays in disbursements, and delays in procurement of tool kits that led to difficulties with beneficiaries.
Contact: Gen. Antonio de Andrade
The World bank: Angola
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