|Country page last updated August 2009|
|Burundi Fact Sheet - December 2008
English version (PDF 60KB)
Although Burundi has experienced conflict since 1972, the latest violence started in 1993 with the coup and assassination of Melchior Ndadaye, the first democratically elected president. This unleashed ethnic massacres between Hutus and Tutsis. An estimated 300,000 people were killed.
Three major peace accords - the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement (2000), the Pretoria Protocol on Political, Defense and Security Power Sharing in Burundi (2003) and the Accord global de cessez-le-feu (2003) - have since resulted in a peace and democratization process and greater secuurity. A Chapter VII United nations (UN) Peacekeeping Operation was on the ground through 2006, now replaced by an Integrated UN Office (BINUB). The only rebel group still to sign a full peace agreement is the Forces Nationales de Liberation (FNL). They signed a cease fire agreement in September 2006, but follow-up talks have been slow and difficult.
A transitional, representative government of national unity was established in November 2001, headed by Tutsi President Pierre Buyoya. In April 30, 2003, Buyoya transferred power to his Hutu Vice-president Domitien Ndayizeye. In 2005, former Hutu rebel group members won parliamentary elections and appointed their leader, Pierre Nkurunziza, as President.
Programme National de Démobilisation, Réinsertion et Réintégration
Executive Secretariat of the Commission Nationale de Démobilisation, Réinsertion et Réintégration
$76 million (World Bank IDA grant: $34.2 million | Multi-Donor Trust Fund: $41.8 million)
Closed December 31, 2008Objectives:
The program aimed to:
Final Progress Table:
Final Progress Update:
Special Project to Support the Demobilization, Reintegration and Recruitment Prevention of Child Ex-Combatants
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)Financing:
Completed, June 2006
Objective:The Special Project to Support the Reintegration the Demobilized, Reintegration and Recruitment Prevention of Child Ex-Combatants aimed to:
Reintegrate all demobilized child soldiers into their communities within eighteen months, through the following support activities: (i) community preparation; (ii) support to vulnerable biological families; (iii) support to community-based care arrangements; (iv) enrollment in appropriate education and learning pursuits; (v) support to demobilized child soldiers in need of special care; (vi) provision of community-based psychosocial support to address the mental health problems of demobilized children and their families; (vii) support to quick, high-impact projects for youth participation (community service initiatives, apprenticeships, small business, sports, cultural activities), etc.
An evaluation of the Project is available under the country document section below.
Program Documentation:Technical Annex - Burundi Emergency Demobilization, Reinsertion and Reintegration Project (The World Bank) (PDF 258 KB)
The Social and Economic Status of Beneficiaries of the Burundi Child Soldier Demobilization, Social Reintegration and Recruitment Prevention Special Project
World BankMarcelo Jorge Fabre
Task Team Leader
phone: +1 202 473 8477
Fax: +1 202 473 8229
Mr. Jéroboam Nzikobanyanka
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