Republic of Congo
Country page last updated August 2009
Republic of Congo Fact Sheet - March 2009
English version (PDF 53KB)
MDRP Republic of Congo Activities at a Glance
Finances
  • $24.2 million
    (Multi-Donor TF: $17 million, European Union TF: $4.2 million, Counterpart Funding: $3 million)
Activities
  • Program targeted 30,000 ex-combatants (including 19,000 demobilized after 1999 war and not serviced, an estimated 5,000 rebels in the Pool region, and a projected 6,000 army personnel). Also included community infrastructure rehabilitation and reconciliation.
Progress
  • Reintegration support was provided to 18,973 self-demobilized ex-combatants (99.9% of the project target of 19,000)
  • While the project’s demobilization and reinsertion targets related to the Pool combatants and the Forces Publiques were not realized during the life of the project, disarmament of the Pool combatants was launched in February 2009 under the auspices of the Haut Commissariat à la Réinsertion des Ex-Combattants (HCREC).
Table last updated August 2009
 

Background

The Republic of Congo has weathered four successive conflicts: 1993/94, 1997, 1998/99 and 2001/2003. In 1993, disputed parliamentary elections sparked bloody inter-ethnic fighting between pro-government forces and the opposition. Relative peace returned until 1997, when former President Pascal Lissouba announced that he would run against incumbent Denis Sassou- Nguesso, touching off a struggle that escalated into a full civil war from June to October 1997. The army split along ethnic lines, with most northern officers joining Sassou-Nguesso's and most southerners backing the Lissouba. The conflict was further fuelled by competition for the country's offshore oil wealth.

In October 1997 Sassou-Nguesso assumed power with Angolan support, but Lissouba formed a government-in-exile that continued to support armed opposition throughout 1998/99. By the end of 1999, the rebels had lost their key positions and most agreed to a cease-fire. When Nguesso was re-elected as President in March 2002, remnants of the civil war militias in the Pool region, known as Ninjas, increased their violent activities. A cessation-of-hostilities agreement was signed on March 17, 2003. Negotiations between the Ninjas, led by Pasteur Ntoumi, and the Government led to an agreement in October 2007. The disarmament and demobilization (DDR) process in the Pool was officially launched in June 2008, though disarmament only began in February 2009.

 

National Program

Name:

Programme National de Désarmement, Démobilisation et Réinsertion - PNDDR

Implementing Agency:

Commission Nationale de Désarmement, Démobilisation et Réinsertion - CNDDR

Financing:

$24.2 million
(Multi-Donor TF: $17 million, European Union TF: $4.2 million, Counterpart Funding: $3 million)

Status:

Closed February 28, 2009

Objectives

The objective of the project was to help consolidate peace and economic stability and support sustainable development in the Republic of Congo and in the greater Great Lakes region by:
  • Contributing to the improvement of security through disarmament and demobilization of up to 11,000 combatants;
  • Supporting social reintegration through rehabilitation of social infrastructure and conflict management and reconciliation; and
  • Supporting economic reintegration through income generating activities to ex-combatants.

 

Overall Results:

Final Progress Update:

  • Reintegration support has been provided to 18,973 self-demobilized ex-combatants (99.9% of the project target of 19,000)
  • While the project’s demobilization and reinsertion targets related to the Pool combatants and the Forces Publiques were not realized during the life of the project, disarmament of the Pool combatants was launched in February 2009 under the auspices of the Haut Commissariat à la Réinsertion des Ex-Combattants (HCREC).

 

 

Special Projects

None

 

Country Documents

The following documents will help you better understand the country and its context.

Program Documentation:

Technical Annex (May 2006)
English (PDF 201KB)

Other Documents:

Profil DDR du pays (May 2004)
English (PDF 22.49KB)

UN map of Republic of Congo

News:

bullet N&N - April 1st, 2009
MDRP - news & noteworthy 4 - Republic of Congo - Disabled ex-combatants receive 
artificial limbs thanks to PNDDR Disabled ex-combatants receive artificial limbs thanks to PNDDR
The national program for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration supports 37 disabled ex-combatants and gives them back mobility and a sense of hope.
(Eng-PDF 195KB)
(Fr-PDF 192KB)
bullet N&N - July 30, 2008
MDRP - news & noteworthy 8 - Succeeding in Economic Reintegration: a Burundian Ex-Combatant Story Peace in the Pool province: Ninja ex-combatants agree to participate in DDR process - Republic of Congo
(Eng-PDF 115KB)
(Fr-PDF 116KB)
bullet Press Release - Republic of Congo, Brazzaville - March 22, 2008
MDRP - Press Release - Republic of Congo, Brazzaville Delegates from around the Republic of Congo to discuss conflict prevention and resolution issue
(Eng-PDF 275KB)
(Fr-PDF 289KB)

N&N - August 20, 2007
MDRP - news & noteworthy 11 - Pool Department Seat of Kinkala to Host a Seminar on the Culture of PeacePool Department Seat of Kinkala to Host a Seminar on the Culture of Peace
(Eng-PDF 53KB)
(Fr-PDF 80KB)

N&N - August 22, 2006
news & noteworthy 17Congo-Brazzaville : A Sensitization Campaign Brings Together Parliamentarians and Local Communities
(Eng-PDF 413KB)
(Fr-PDF 376KB)

Article - (Brazaville) - IRIN - January 4, 2006
Brazaville. The World Bank and the Republic of Congo (ROC) have signed an agreement for a US $17-million grant to disarm, demobilise and reintegrate 30,000 former combatants in the country.
(Eng-PDF 49KB)

N&N - April 4, 2006
news & noteworthy 9 Republic of Congo Workshop Brings Partners of Future National D&R Program Together for the First Time
(Eng-PDF 330KB)
(Fr-PDF 286 KB)

 

 

Contacts

World Bank

Sarah Michael
Email: info@mdrp.org

Government Agency

Haut Commissariat à la Réinsertion des Ex-Combattants

Immeuble ex-Ministère des Finances, BP. 14
Brazzaville
Republic of Congo
Fax: + (242) 81 08 05  

Agency Contact:
Michel Ngakala

 

 

 

 

 

Regional Activities

None

 

Relevant Links

These links will help you better understand the country and its context.

The World Bank: Republic of Congo

allAfrica.com: Republic of Congo

Amnesty International: Republic of Congo

Brazzanet.com

Human Rights Watch: Republic of Congo

Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN): Republic of Congo

ReliefWeb: Republic of Congo

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): Republic of Congo


Website links provided on this website are for informational purposes only. Their inclusion does not imply MDRP endorsement of or responsibility for the information included therein.

The views expressed in this website, documents or web links posted on this site are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the MDRP Secretariat, the MDRP Partnership or the World Bank.