Themes

 

Working on demobilization and reintegration in different countries almost always
implies tackling cross-cutting issues such as gender, child soldiers, or psychosocial support.

We have listed below the main topics, with links to relevant studies and reports,
as well as websites.

Child Soldiers

Reports
 

MDRP Dissemination Note No.1 - October 2007
MDRP - In Focus No.5 - MDRP  Dissemination Note - The Social and Economic Status of Beneficiaries of the Burundi Child Soldier Demobilization, Social Reintegration and Recruitment Prevention Special Project
The Social and Economic Status of Beneficiaries of the Burundi Child Soldier Demobilization, Social Reintegration and Recruitment Prevention Special Project
(Eng-PDF 416KB)

  THE PARIS PRINCIPLES: Principles and Guidelines on Children associated with Armed Foces or Armed Groups. February 2007
  Child Soldiers - Global Report 2008 (Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers 2008)
  Child Soldiers: Preventing, Demobilizing and Reintegrating. The World Bank - November 2001
  Cape Town Principles on the Prevention of Recruitment of Children into the Armed Forces and Demobilization and Social Reintegration of Child Soldiers in Africa (adopted 30 April 1997)
Links
  Child Soldiers DDR Bibliography 2009 (Coalition to stop the use of child soldiers)
  Child and Young Adult Soldiers - Recruitment Prevention, Demobilization Procedures & Reintegration (GINIE)
  ReliefWeb: Child Soldiers
  UN Security Council Resolution 1539 (adopted 22 April 2004)
  Nations Unies Conseil de sécurité, Résolution 1539 (adoptée le 22 avril 2004)

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Combatants on Foreing Soil
Reports
  Opportunities and Constraints for the Disarmament & Repatriation of Foreign Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo
The cases of the: FDLR, FNL and ADF/NALU
English (PDF 3.97 MB) Français (PDF 4.14 MB)
Links
   

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Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration
Reports
  The Rwanda Demobilization and Reintegration Program: Reflections on the Reintegration of Ex-Combatants
Dissemination Note n° 5 — August - September 2008
English (PDF 250 KB)
  In Focus No. 4 - March 2007
MDRP - In Focus No.4 - Supporting Demobilization and reintegration through information and sensitization activities Supporting Demobilization and reintegration through information and sensitization activities
(Eng-PDF 247KB)
(Fr-PDF 225KB)
  In Focus No. 3 - September 2006
MDRP - In Focus No.3 - Reinsertion: bridging the gap between demobilization and reintegration Reinsertion: bridging the gap between demobilization and reintegration
(Eng-PDF 174KB)
(Fr-PDF 174KB)
  In Focus No. 2 - March 2006
MDRP - In Focus No.2 - Screening, Verification and Registration:Vital Elements in Demobilization Screening, Verification and Registration:Vital Elements in Demobilization
(Eng-PDF 306KB)
(Fr-PDF 306KB)
  Case Studies in War-to-Peace Transitions: The Demobilization and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants in Ethiopia, Namibia and Uganda (The World Bank)
  A Framework for Lasting Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration of Former Combatants in Crisis Situations ( International Peace Academy)
  Harnessing Institutional Capacities in Support of DDR of Former Combatants (UNDP)
Links
  Demobilization and Reintegration Resources (BICC)
  ReliefWeb: Demobilization and Reintegration
  UNDP and the Reintegration of Demobilized Soldiers (UNDP)
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Gender

Certain issues are central to the success of demobilization and reintegration programs. Such is the case of gender. Female ex-combatants, for example, require special support. Many have been subject to gender-specific abuse. Others may have experienced certain social freedoms during conflicts, only to be subject to pressure to return to more traditional female roles afterwards. Young male ex-combatants may be stigmatized and excluded if they are unable to find work or access land, thereby making them vulnerable to future mobilization.

To address all of these gender issues, the MDRP launched LEAP: Learning for Equality, Access and Peace in 2007. LEAP is a flexible program aimed at strengthening the impact of MDRP programs on gender issues.

LEAP activities include:

  • Technical assistance to ongoing programs
  • Pilot projects to explore innovative ways to strengthen gender approaches in D&R (for example: support to female ex-combatants in DRC)
  • Generation of empirical data and subsequent development of strategic guidance and operational best practices (for example, studies on youth and conflict in Burundi and Rwanda)

In its first year of implementation, LEAP has trained many partners involved in D&R programs on mainstreaming gender. It has created gender focal points in Angola, Burundi and the Republic of Congo. It has also provided technical assistance in almost all of the national programs for the vulnerable groups of ex-combatants, most particularly children and women. This assistance covers the development of vocational training, the promotion of income generating activities, physical rehabilitation, and social reintegration support.

With the help of LEAP, some countries, such as Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo or the Republic of Congo, are in the process of establishing gender action plans within their DDR programs.

LEAP has helped cast a light on the difficult situation of female ex-combatants and women associated with armed groups. Indeed, it has helped guarantee equal access to the benefits of demobilization and reintegration for men and women ex-combatants, while acknowledging special needs for women such as separate encampments, increased security, gender-sensitive psychosocial support, etc.

Reports
 

LEAP Report of Activities
August 2007 - February 2009
English (PDF 186 KB)

  Taking a Gender Perspective to Strengthen the Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) in the greater Great Lakes Region
Workshop Report
English (PDF 875 KB) Français(PDF 527 KB)
  In Focus No. 1 - November 2005
MDRP - In Focus No.1 -  Gender in Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Conflict: an “equal opportunity employer ” Gender in Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Conflict: An "equal opportunity employer"
(Eng-PDF 108KB)
(Fr-PDF 108KB)
  MDRP Gender Desk Study
July, 2005
English (PDF 216 KB) - Français (PDF 237 KB)
Links
  Demobilization and Reintegration Programs: Addressing Gender Issues (The World Bank)
  ReliefWeb: Gender
  The Reintegration of Female Soldiers in Post-Conflict Societies (Aid Workers Network)
  Women Peace and Security Resources: Demobilization, Disarmament, Repatriation, Resettlement and Reintegration (PeaceWomen)
  UNIFEM Portal on Women, Peace and Security: WomenWarPeace.org

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HIV/AIDS
Reports
  HIV-AIDS guidelines link  Guidelines for Incorporating HIV/Aids Activities in Demobilization,
 Reinsertion and Reintegration Programs for Ex-Combatants
  In Focus No. 6 - January 2008
MDRP - In Focus No.6 - Ex-combatants and HIV/AIDS in the context of Central Africa Ex-combatants and HIV/AIDS in the context of Central Africa
(Eng-PDF 108KB)
(Fr-PDF 103KB)
Links
  World Bank HIV/AIDS
  UNAIDS: The United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS

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Psuchosocial Issues
Reports
  MDRP Dissemination Note No.3
MDRP - In Focus No.5 - MDRP  Dissemination Note - The Social and Economic Status of Beneficiaries of the Burundi Child Soldier Demobilization, Social Reintegration and Recruitment Prevention Special Project Psychosocial Issues in the Demobilization and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants
English
(PDF 249 KB)
 

Integrating Mental Health and Psychosocial Interventions into World Bank Lending for Affected Populations: A Toolkit
September 2004

English (716 KB) Français (289 KB)

Links

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Security Sector Reform
Reports
  Contemporary Security and Development Trends in the Great Lakes Region
Working Paper No.4
English (PDF 402 KB)
  MDRP Position Paper : Linkages Between Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants and Security Sector Reform
English (51.3 KB) ; Français (60.4 KB)
  Enhancing Democratic Governance of the Security Sector: An Institutional Assessment Framework (Clingendael Institute)
  Justice and Security Sector Reform (UNDP)
  Security System Reform and Governance: Policy and Good Practice
(A DAC Guidelines and Reference Document, OECD)
  Toward a better practice framework in security sector reform: Broadening the debate
(Clingendael Institute, International Alert, Saferworld)
  Understanding and Supporting Security Sector Reform (DFID)
  Workshop on Security Sector Governance in Africa (Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform)
   
Links
  Journal of Conflict, Security & Development (King's College London)
  Journal of Security Sector Reform (Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform)
   

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The views expressed in this website, documents or web links posted on this site are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the MDRP Secretariat, the MDRP Partnership or the World Bank.