Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
DDR Vocational Training Report Published
February, 2014
MAKING VOCATIONAL TRAINING WORK: A Study of Vocational Training in DDR - RWANDA -Dr. Anthony Finn  David Baxter  Murat Onur

In March 2013, a team of TDRP consultants led by Dr. Anthony Finn carried out a mixed-methods survey of DDR vocational training in Rwanda. The objective of this research study was to explore the efficacy and sustainability of the outcomes from vocational training delivered in DDR programs.

DDR Vocational Training: Pathways to Jobs?

Vocational Skills training is increasingly being regarded as a general solution to promote employability of ex-combatants. Today, vocational and technical skills programs lay at the core of most DDR programs, promoted as a means best suited to assisting the reintegration of ex-combatants with enough knowledge and capacity to engage in livelihood generating activities. What aspects of vocational training programs can boost socio-economic reintegration and ensure sustainable and effective outcomes? What types of factors result in success and what others contribute to sustainability of training outcomes? What kinds of collateral outcomes emerge alongside social and economic outcomes of vocational training? To what extend does entrepreneurship and social skills contribute positively to training outcomes?

Why Rwanda?

Gako Organic Farming Training Center in Kigali. The Center opened in 2000 and has trained over 60,000 farmers   from Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo, including Rwandan ex-combatants, on sustainable agriculture and organic farming. (Photo credit: Murat Onur)
Gako Organic Farming Training Center in Kigali.
The Center opened in 2000 and has trained over
60,000 farmers from Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic
Republic of Congo, including Rwandan ex-combatants,
on sustainable agriculture and organic farming.

The Rwanda Demobilization and Reintegration Program has been implemented in three major stages: stage I covering the period from 1997 to 2001; stage II covering from 2002 to 2008; and the current stage III which began in 2009. The central objective of RDRP has been to support ex-combatants to reintegrate into social and economic networks of the civilian society. It is in this context Rwanda Demobilization and Reintegration Commission has offered vocational skills training as an integral component of the reintegration effort. Implementing DDR programs for more than a decade, Rwanda’s reintegration experiences and the country’s DDR vocational training framework provide an important opportunity to explore the factors that may influence the sustainability and efficacy of vocational training and reintegration outcomes.

Key findings:

Kigali Memorial Centre at Gisozi, Kigali. Along agriculture and manufacturing, construction is one of the top three leading sectors in Rwanda. (Photo credit: Arne Hoel) Kigali Memorial Centre at Gisozi, Kigali. Along agriculture and manufacturing, construction is one of the top three leading sectors in Rwanda. (Photo credit: Arne Hoel)
Kigali Memorial Centre at Gisozi, Kigali.
Along agriculture and manufacturing, construction is
one of the top three leading sectors in Rwanda.

The study finds that several collateral outcomes emerged alongside economic outcomes including self-confidence and independence, self-employment, sector shifting, and social skills. Particularly, the increase in social capital such as improvements in social behavior, life skills, teamwork, networking with colleagues and employers, and community involvement can be a crucial outcome of DDR vocational training. The study further identified a number of factors that result in success and general areas that contribute further to success and sustainability of vocational training outcomes.

Please click here to read the full report.

 

 

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