Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program

Reintegrating Ex-Combatants in the Great Lakes Region, Lessons Learned


May 2011 - Nelson Alusala - Institute for Security Studies (ISS)

Africa's Great Lakes region has known conflict for a considerable period of time, and this has been met with several initiatives aimed at managing the situation in a sustainable way. One such initiative was the Multi-country Demobilisation and Reintegration Programme (MDRP), led by the World Bank, from 2002 to 2009. The initiative, which looked at selected countries in the Great Lakes, focussed on the demobilisation and reintegration of former fighters, with the main objective being to improve the livelihoods of affected communities. . The monograph uses case studies of the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo to illustrate how the MDRP was implemented, while Liberia is included as a control case.
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World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security and Development


April 2011 - The World Bank

More than 1.5 billion people live in countries affected by violent conflict. The World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security, and Development examines the changing nature of violence in the 21st century, and underlines the negative impact of repeated cycles of violence on a country or region's development prospects. Preventing violence and building peaceful states that respond to the aspirations of their citizens requires strong leadership and concerted national and international efforts. The Report is based on new research, case studies and extensive consultations with leaders and development practitioners throughout the world.
(PDF 13.9 MB)

BURUNDI - Reintegrating Ex-Rebels into Civilian Life

May 2010 - Burundi - Reintegrating Ex-Rebels into Civilian Life
Study by Columbia and New York Universities

May 2010 - Burundi - Reintegrating Ex-Rebels into Civilian Life Study by Columbia and New York Universities

In 2007, during the implementation of a World Bank-financed DDR program in Burundi, a survey team exploited inconsistent timing in the provision of benefits to ex-combatants to measure impacts of those benefits and found notable positive economic impacts, but no impact on ex-combatants' attitudes toward the state. The authors caution against prevailing assumptions that improving ex-combatants economic wellbeing will improve their disposition towards the state and society.
(PDF 1 MB)


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