Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
Republic of Congo
Republic of Congo map
Country Brief:

Congo gained independence in 1960. It experienced a series of conflicts between 1958 and 1979, including three coups and one presidential assassination. The Sovereign National Conference (February 25 to June 10, 1991) restored democracy to the country, paving the way for free and transparent elections. Between 1993 and 1999, the country experienced three civil wars. Continued efforts to strengthen peace led to the establishment of democratic institutions. Incumbent president Denis Sassou Nguesso won the 2009 presidential election, securing a new seven-year term.

Since the adoption of a new constitution in 2002, the Republic of the Congo (RoC) has been relatively stable. The country boasts numerous assets that can help it build a strong economy, achieve a higher standard of living for its citizens, and become one of the economic drivers of the subregion. The country boasts numerous assets: substantial oil reserves, close to 22 million hectares of natural forests, 10 million hectares of arable land, a highly developed hydrographic network, a climate conducive to agriculture, and mineral resources. Added to all this are its strategic geographical position in Central Africa and a 170-kilometer long coastal front on the Atlantic Ocean, with a deep-water port (Pointe-Noire) that could serve as a gateway for the entire subregion.

Last updated: September 2013


TDRP Activities

From 2006 to February 2009, the national DDR Commission (CNDDR) in the country implemented a DDR program funded by the MDRP and the European Commission. Only reintegration activities took place under the program, with close to 19,000 self-demobilized ex-combatants receiving support. Disarmament of the Pool combatants was launched in February 2009 under the auspices of the Haut Commissariat à la Réinsertion des Ex-Combattants (HCREC).

The TDRP provides technical assistance to the Republic of Congo, in particular to carry out a survey and analysis of the reintegration results of the previous DDR program, as well as to study economic associations of ex-combatants. In August 2012, following a successful collaboration with the Programme national de désarmement, démobilisation et réintegration (PNDDR) team,  TDRP officially transmitted to the Haut Commissaire à la Réintégration des Ex-Combattants (HREC) a project document to support the consolidation of peace in the Pool Region.

The planned Support to Peace Consolidation in the Pool Department in the Republic of Congo Project aims to pilot community-driven development activities that strengthen the ability of poor communities (including ex-combatants) to improve their access to basic services and livelihoods through capacity building. First, the program structure will provide incentives and means for communities to identify and initiate livelihood and basic services improvement activities. Second, to improve access to basic services and livelihoods, the project will introduce a robust training and skilling program, which will involve vocational training, apprenticeships, on-the-job training as well as mentoring, social and life skills. This process will make the communities better equipped to recognize and address their own needs beyond the project lifetime. Recognizing the key role women and youth play, the grant will have a strong focus on ensuring gender and youth involvement and participation.


Country facts
Republic of Congo
Population (millions) 4.3
Life expectancy at birth (years) 58
Surface area (thousands sq. km) 342,000
Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2,550
GDP growth (annual %) 3.8
 World Development Indicators
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