Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program

TDRP produces studies that provide insight on post-conflict stabilization activities as well as lessons learned from DDR programs. Please visit TDRP studies section to reach all the studies and reports produced by the TDRP.

Some of the studies recently commissioned by the TDRP include:

DDR Vocational Training Study:

DDR Vocational Training Study:

Vocational training is often regarded as a general solution to promote employability of ex-combatants. Increasingly, vocational skills programs lay at the core of most DDR programs, promoted as a means best suited to assisting the reintegration of ex-combatants with enough knowledge and capacity to engage in livelihood generating activities. What aspects of vocational training programs can boost socio-economic reintegration and ensure sustainable and effective outcomes? What types of factors result in success and what others contribute to sustainability of training outcomes? What kinds of collateral outcomes emerge alongside social and economic outcomes of vocational training? To what extend does entrepreneurship and social skills contribute positively to training outcomes? The AFTCS/TDRP commissioned this report as a study to explore the efficacy and sustainability of the outcomes from vocational training delivered in DDR programs.

Stabilization and Rehabilitation Needs in the Areas Affected by the LRA:


Originally hailing from Uganda, the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) has morphed into a regional menace over the years. This preliminary assessment covers areas affected since regional military action against the group resumed in 2008. Currently, affected and threatened areas are in the tri-border area of the Republic of South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Central African Republic. The specific objectives of this preliminary assessment are to provide a basic understanding of the social, economic and governance conditions in the LRA-affected areas and to develop a vision, strategy and plan of action to respond to the reintegration, stabilization and development challenges in the area.

West Africa Cross-Border Militia

West Africa Cross-Border Militia

Together with AfDB and AU, TDRP is conducting a study on the West Africa Cross-Border Militia. Adopting a regional perspective and with a view of identifying opportunities for designing bespoke DDR options that target various armed groups operating in West Africa, this study will map and determine the armed groups in West Africa and their cross border linkages. The study has three phases: (1) A desk review; (2) Field work in 5 8 countries (planning phase, contingent on funding); (3) Final validation workshops and write-up (planning phase, contingent on funding)

DDR 20 Years Later: Historical Review of the Long-term Impact of Post-Independence DDR in Southern Africa

DDR programs in Southern Africa have had diverse results since the end of World War II. Some have been innovative and remarkably successful. Others have been glaringly ineffective, with the result that many ex-combatants have been unable to secure employment, and/or make the necessary social and psychological adjustments to make the successful transition to civilian life.This paper provides an analysis of the demobilization and reintegration processes in post-independence Southern Africa in order to examine if there are any common developments or trends that have implications for current DDR programming.

TDRP studies are also available at the United Nations DDR Resource Centre and African Union DDR Research and Resource Centre.


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