Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
TDRP STUDIES

SOUTH SUDAN DDR PILOT REINTEGRATION PROJECT – FINDINGS, LESSONS AND TOOLS FOR FUTURE USE

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EX-COMBATANT REINTEGRATION IN THE AFRICAN GREAT LAKES REGION: TRAJECTORIES, PROCESSES, AND PARADOXES - Randolph Wallace Rhea

October 2014
The Republic of South Sudan National DDR Commission (NDDRC) together with the TDRP conducted the Pilot Reintegration Project from 2013-2014 with the overall aim to test reintegration approaches and modalities and develop actionable lessons to inform and improve the Republic of South Sudan’s future DDR programming.  At the same time, the pilot was to develop tools for use in future DDR tranches and enhance the capacity of NDDRC staff and systems. The TDRP is pleased to present here all documentation on the process, activities and lessons learned as well as all manuals, curriculum and training materials developed throughout the pilot.

(Access all documents)


SOUTH SUDAN PILOT REINTEGRATION PROJECT: TDRP KEY LEARNING REPORT

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EX-COMBATANT REINTEGRATION IN THE AFRICAN GREAT LAKES REGION: TRAJECTORIES, PROCESSES, AND PARADOXES - Randolph Wallace Rhea

October 2014
The following report presents the key learning that emerged from the Republic of South Sudan’s 2013-2014 Pilot Reintegration Project. The Pilot Reintegration Project was conducted with the overall aim to test reintegration approaches and modalities, and to develop actionable lessons that can inform and improve the Republic of South Sudan’s future DDR programming. The reintegration portion of the pilot DDR programme was managed by the World Bank’s Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program (TDRP) in close coordination with the National DDR Commission (NDDRC) and through financial support from Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW).

(PDF 193KB) Foreword
(PDF 275KB) Executive Summary
(PDF 3.17MB) Full Report


A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EX-COMBATANT REINTEGRATION IN THE AFRICAN GREAT LAKES REGION: TRAJECTORIES, PROCESSES, AND PARADOXES - Randolph Wallace Rhea

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EX-COMBATANT REINTEGRATION IN THE AFRICAN GREAT LAKES REGION: TRAJECTORIES, PROCESSES, AND PARADOXES - Randolph Wallace Rhea

July 2014
A comparative study exploring dynamics and results of reintegrating ex-combatants in five different countries (Uganda, Rwanda, DRC, RoC, and Burundi) of the Great Lakes region (GLR). This study uses a cross-country comparative approach capitalizing on survey data collected between 2010 and 2012 from nearly 10,000 ex-combatants and community members across the GLR.

(PDF 113KB) Executive Summary
(PDF 88KB) Executive Summary (in French)
(PDF 2.79MB) Full Report
(PDF 3.16MB) Full Report (in French)
(PDF 586KB) Annex I
(PDF 509KB) Annex II

RISING TEMPERS, RISING TEMPERATURES: A Look at Climate Change, Migration and Conflict
and the Implications for Youth in the Sahel Region - Erik Alda

RISING TEMPERS, RISING TEMPERATURES: A Look at Climate Change, Migration and Conflict  and The Implications For Youth In The Sahel Region - Erik Alda

March 2014
Climate change is one of the most pressing development issues of the 21st century. The negative consequences of climate change are already observed in many countries and severely impacting the livelihoods of millions of people but especially those of the poorest. In addition to the loss of livelihoods, two of the most serious consequences of climate change include migration and conflict. This preliminary exploration investigates the linkages between climate change and conflict, focusing on the youth cohort living in the most vulnerable rural areas. In particular, it looks at the causal chain between climate change, migration, and conflict. The study investigates this causal chain in the context of the Sahel region and suggests policy options to prevent youth from engaging in conflict and crime.

(PDF 6.42 MB) Full Report

MAKING VOCATIONAL TRAINING WORK: A Study of Vocational Training in DDR
Rwanda - Dr. Anthony Finn · David Baxter · Murat Onur

MAKING VOCATIONAL TRAINING WORK: A Study of Vocational Training in DDR  Rwanda -Dr. Anthony Finn · David Baxter · Murat Onur

January 2014
In March 2013, a team of TDRP consultants led by Dr. Anthony Finn carried out a mixed-methods survey of DDR vocational training in Rwanda. The objective of this research study was to explore the efficacy and sustainability of the outcomes from vocational training delivered in DDR programs.

(PDF 1.14 MB) Executive Summary
(PDF 3.11MB) Full Report
(PDF 1.03MB) Appendices

THE WAR WITHIN
A Critical Examination of Psychosocial Issues and Interventions in DDR

EMPOWERMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASSOCIATIONS -  A Regional Initiative in LRA Affected Areas

July 2013
This paper explores a variety of psychosocial issues in DDR impacting on the ex-combatants as well as the communities affected by violence, and puts forth recommendations for improving psychosocial support in future DDR programming.

English PDF 1.10 MB

STABILIZATION AND REHABILITATION NEEDS IN THE AREAS AFFECTED BY THE LORD'S RESISTANCE ARMY
Democratic Republic of Congo Central African Republic Republic of South Sudan

EMPOWERMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASSOCIATIONS -  A Regional Initiative in LRA Affected Areas

June 2013
Originally hailing from Uganda, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) has morphed into a regional menace over the years. This preliminary assessment covers areas affected since regional military action against the group resumed in 2008. Currently, affected and threatened areas are in the tri-border area of the Republic of South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Central African Republic. The specific objectives of this preliminary assessment are to provide a basic understanding of the social, economic and governance conditions in the LRA-affected areas and to develop a vision, strategy and plan of action to respond to the reintegration, stabilization and development challenges in the area.

Full Report - PDF 4.56 MB
Executive Summary - PDF 817KB

THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA AND USER-GENERATED CONTENT IN
POST-CONFLICT PEACEBUILDING

   The Role of Social Media and User-generated Content in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

June 2013
There is much literature and examples on how ICTs can be used by peace practitioners. However the bulk of this literature focuses on the use of ICTs before and during conflict, for example in conflict prevention and early warning. What about the use of ICTs in post-conflict situations; after the negotiation of peace agreements? How can ICTs be used in post-conflict interventions; more specifically in post-conflict peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction and recovery? What role of can be played here by social media and user-generated content?

English PDF 1.06 MB

EMPOWERMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASSOCIATIONS
A Regional Initiative in LRA Affected Areas

EMPOWERMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASSOCIATIONS -  A Regional Initiative in LRA Affected Areas - Elisabeth Maier, Emilie Rees Smith, Daksha Shakya

June 2013
This study outlines the context and rationale for interventions in LRA affected areas. It describes TDRP's pilot program with its regional dimension and presents lessons-learned and recommendations for strengthening design and implementation of support to socio-economic associations in LRA affected areas.

English PDF 2.38MB

DDR BEFORE DDR
North African Veterans from Colonial Mobilization to National Reintegration

DDR BEFORE DDR - North African Veterans from Colonial Mobilization to National Reintegration

June 2013
Reintegrating vast military forces back into civilian life was one of the first and greatest challenges facing the newly independent nations in the Maghreb in the second half of 20th century. To certain extent, experiences by the countries of Maghreb can be seen as "DDR before DDR," and provide examples of earlier efforts in facing the socioeconomic challenges stemming from post-war reintegration. This study reviews the experiences of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia with regards to reintegrating former soldiers and fighters into the society in the aftermath of independence wars.

English PDF 1.02 MB

DDR 20 YEARS LATER
Historical Review of the Long-term Impact of Post-Independence DDR in
Southern Africa

DDR 20 YEARS LATER - Historical Review of the Long-term Impact of Post-Independence DDR in Southern Africa

June 2013
DDR programs in Southern Africa have had diverse results since the end of World War II. Some have been innovative and remarkably successful. Others have been glaringly ineffective, with the result that many ex-combatants have been unable to secure employment, and/or make the necessary social and psychological adjustments to make the successful transition to civilian life.This paper provides an analysis of the demobilization and reintegration processes in post-independence Southern Africa in order to examine if there are any common developments or trends that have implications for current DDR programming.

English PDF 1.17 MB

PEACE, DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
A Handbook for Ex-Combatants

PEACE, DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS  A Handbook for Ex-Combatants

May 2012
Drawing primarily from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, this handbook is meant to aid the ex-combatants to learn their rights and obligation as they return to civil life.
English PDF 4.35 MB
French PDF 4.37 MB
Arabic PDF 8.2 MB

ENDING WAR, BUILDING PEACE
Contribution of the national DDR program in DRC to peace in the
african Great Lakes Region

Reintegration in Informal Economy

May 2012 - Yvan Conoir
This study reviews the various disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) Programs implemented in Democratic Republic of Congo since 2003. The author seeks to use this analysis of the impact of these programs on the stabilization of the Great Lakes Region to derive lessons that could be used by other DDR programs.

PDF 1.58 MB


ASSESSING THE REINTEGRATION OF EX-COMBATANTS IN THE CONTEXT OF INSTABILITY AND INFORMAL ECONOMIES

Reintegration in Informal Economy

June 2012 - Guy Lamb, with contributions from Nelson Alusala, Amelia Broodryk, Jean-Marie Gasana, Gregory Mthembu-Salter, Orly Stern

The cases of Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan

This study is based on research carried out in late 2011 in the three countries. It presents a literature review on reintegration in general, an assessment of the specificities of post-conflict economies, and the reintegration experience in CAR, DRC and South Sudan. It ends with a comparative analysis of reintegration into the informal economy in the three countries.

Full Report - PDF 1.4 MB
Part1 - Chapter 1 (PDF 342KB)
- Introduction - Economic reintegration in Africa: Literature review
Part1 - Chapter 2 (PDF 251KB) - An assessment of post-conflict economies
Part1 - Chapter 3 (PDF 59KB) - Analytical framework: the reintegration of ex-combatants and the informal sector
Part 2: Chapter 4 (PDF 366KB) - Central African Republic
Part 2: Chapter 5 (PDF 429KB) - Democratic Republic of Congo
Par t2: Chapter 6 (PDF 156KB) - South Sudan
Part 3: Chapter 7 (PDF 149KB) - Comparative analysis - Reintegration of former combatants and the informal economy
Conclusion and References (PDF 188KB)

SOCIO-ECONOMIC REINTEGRATION OF EX-COMBATANTS IN THE POOL REGION, REPUBLIC OF CONGO

Socioeconomic reintegration of ex-combatants in the Republic of Congo

May 2012 - Magali Chelpi-den Hamer

Quantitative Analysis

Full Report PDF 597 KB (in French)
Introduction (PDF 332KB) - Introduction
Chapter 1 (PDF 184KB) - Informations générales sur l'échantillon
Chapter 2 - Chapter 3 (PDF 147KB) - Caractéristiques spécifiques des ex-combattants &
Chapter 4 (PDF 147KB) - Emploi et niveau de dette
Chapter 5 (PDF 160KB) - Expériences liées à la réinsertion
Chapter 6 (PDF 139KB) - Capital social
Chapter 7 (PDF 143KB) - Perception de civils n'ayant pas participé aux combats
Conclusions - Références (PDF 160KB)
Annexe (PDF 74KB) - Annexe. Statistiques complémentaires d'enquête

SUSTAINABLE REINTEGRATION OF EX-COMBATANTS: SHADOW ECONOMIES AND CROSS-BORDER TRADE

Sustainable reintegration of ex-combatants in the context of shadow economies and cross border trade

May 2012 - Dr. Anthony Finn

Discussion Note based on the two DDRnet seminars on reintegration in the context of shadow economies.

PDF 302 KB

EX-COMBATANTS ECONOMIC ASSOCIATIONS IN THE REPUBLIC OF CONGO:
COLLECTIVE MICROPROJECTS AND REVENUE CREATION

Ex combatants economic associations in the Republic of Congo

May 2012 - Dr. Natacha Lemasle

This study reviews how trade associations work in the Republic of Congo, what characteristics are present in all associations, and the social and economic benefits of working in associations.

Full Report PDF 651 KB (in French)
Chapter 1 (PDF 365KB) - Introduction (in French)
Chapter 2 (PDF 172KB) - Microprojets collectifs ou microprojets individuels ? (in French)
Chapter 3 (PDF 98KB) - Groupements d'ex-combattants et création de revenus (in French)
Chapter 4 (PDF 115KB) - Microprojets collectifs et réintégration sociale :
une occasion manquée ? (in French)
Conclusion (PDF 61KB) - Conclusion (in French)

RUMOURS OF PEACE, WHISPERS OF WAR

Rumours of Peace, Whispers of War

February 2012 - Guy Lamb, Nelson Alusala, Gregory Mthembu-Salter and Jean-Marie Gasana

An assessment of the reintegration of ex-combatants into civilian life in North Kivu, South Kivu and Ituri. Democratic Republic of Congo.

Executive Summary (202 KB)
Full Report PDF (476 KB)
Introduction (PDF 257KB) - Introduction
Chapter 1 (PDF 68KB) - Post-independence conflict and peace-building in the DRC
Chapter 2 (PDF 71KB) - DDR programming in the DRC
Chapter 3 (PDF 125KB) - Current state of security/insecurity in Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu
Chapter 4 (PDF 266KB) - Reintegration of former combatants in North Kivu, South Kivu and Ituri
Chapter 5 (PDF 147KB) - Conclusion and recommendations

THE DRIVERS OF REPORTER REINTEGRATION IN NORTHERN UGANDA

Drivers of Reporter Reintegration

January 2012 - Dr. Anthony Finn

Analysis of factors, linked or not to DDR processes, affecting the reintegration of ex-combatants in Uganda.
Abstract PDF (361 KB)
Full Report PDF (662 KB)
Executive Summary (PDF 270KB)
Chapter 1 (PDF 55KB) - Introduction
Chapter 2 (PDF 105KB) - Methodology
Chapter 3 (PDF 110KB) - Drivers not directly linked to the DDR process
Chapter 4 (PDF 114KB) - Drivers directly linked to the DDR process

UGANDA DEMOBILIZATION AND REINTEGRATION PROJECT:
BENEFICIARY ASSESSMENT

Uganda beneficiary assessment

December 2011 - Anthony Finn, Clare Jefferson, Santa Vusia, Deogratias Yiga
The overall assessment is completed by two in depth annexes on the reintegration of reporters and community dynamics.
Full Report PDF 1.93 MB
Introduction (PDF 297KB) - Introduction
Chapter 1 (PDF 66KB) - Overview of the Analysis of Reporters and Community Reintegration
Chapter 2 (PDF 130KB) - Demographic and Core Indicators
Chapter 3 (PDF 62KB) - Economic Reintegration
Chapter 4 (PDF 56KB) - Social and Political Reintegration
Chapter 5 (PDF 111KB) - DDR Process
Conclusions (PDF 55KB)
Annexes (PDF 1.59MB) - Annexes

MOVING TO CATCH UP: MIGRATION OF EX-COMBATANTS IN UGANDA

Migration of Ex-Combatants in Uganda

November 2011- David Baxter and Alexandra Burrall
Ex-Combatants Migration Factors and Links between Migration and DDR Programming

Abstract (PDF 1.1MB)
Full Report - (PDF 2.02MB)
Chapter 1 (PDF 447KB) - Overview
Chapter 2 (PDF 149KB) - Research Methodology
Chapter 3 (PDF 467KB) - Migration & Conflict: Findings from Existing Literature
Chapter 4 (PDF 869KB) - Findings from Field Research
Chapter 5 (PDF 315KB) - Conclusions and Recommendations
Appendices (PDF 162KB)

ASSOCIATIONS OF DEMOBILIZED COMBATANTS IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: LOCAL DYNAMICS AND INTERNAL SYNERGIES

Associations of Demobilized Combatants in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Local dynamics and internal synergies

November 2011- Natacha Lemasle
Advantages and limits of a collective approach to reintegration

Executive Summary - English (PDF 73KB)
Complete Report - (PDF 781KB) (in French)
Executive Summary (PDF 267KB) - Executive Summary (in French)
Introduction (PDF 138KB) - (in French)
Chapter 1 (PDF 179KB) - Dynamiques locales de la création d'associations de démobilisés (in French)
Chapter 2 (PDF 128KB) - Démobilisés et membres de la communauté : quelles synergies ? (in French)
Chapter 3 (PDF 96KB) - Les dynamiques internes des associations : quelle gouvernance et quelles fonctions ? (in French)
Annexes (PDF 221KB) - Conclusion (in French)

DIAGNOSTIC STUDY OF THE LORD'S RESISTANCE ARMY

DIAGNOSTIC STUDY OF
THE LORD'S RESISTANCE ARMY

June 2011- Philip Lancaster, Guillaume Lacaille, Ledio Cakaj

Commissioned by the International Working Group on the LRA, this study analyzes the political, historical and military dimensions of the rebel group.
Full Report PDF 1.1 MB
Introduction (PDF 221KB)
Section 1 (PDF 226KB) - ackground,  objectives  &  approach  and  assessment  of  the  LRA  challenge
Section 2 (PDF 174KB) - Political  Context
Section 3 (PDF 225KB)
- An  Operational  History  of  the  LRA
Section 4 (PDF 507KB) - Military  Context
Section 5 (PDF 134KB) - Démarches alternatives
Conclusions (PDF 82KB)
Appendixes (PDF 207KB)

IS REINTEGRATION STILL WORTH DOING EIGHT YEARS AFTER THE CEASEFIRE?

Situational Analysis of Ex-Combatants in the Pool Region

May 2011 - Magali Chelpi-den Hamer
Situational Analysis of Ex-Combatants in the Pool Region, Republic of Congo

Full Report English (PDF 1.26MB)
Executive Summary (French - PDF 32 KB)
Executive Summary (PDF 356KB) - Executive Summary
Chapter 1 (PDF 311KB) - Introducing the study
Chapter 2 (PDF 233KB) - The changing dynamics of the Ninja movement
Chapter 3 (PDF 163KB) - Evolution of the security situation in the Pool region (1998-2011)
Chapter 4 (PDF 212KB) - The current situation of ex-combatants
Chapter 5 (PDF 165KB) - Past interventions targeting ex-combatants and lessons learned
Chapter 6 (PDF 93KB) - Recommendations for a strategic intervention
Appendixes (PDF 235KB)

 

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