Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program
Country Brief:

Following independence from British colonial rule in 1962, Uganda experienced a decade of relative political and economic stability. In 1971, a military coup led by Idi Amin sparked a trajectory of violence and mismanagement that reduced the country to a failed state and a collapsed economy. Political and economic turmoil continued between 1979 and 1985, with successive coups and a disputed election in 1980, resulting in civil conflict across the country. When the National Resistance Movement (NRM), led by Yoweri Museveni, took power in 1986, Uganda began a period of sustained economic and political renewal. During the first decade of NRM rule, the government focused on restructuring the economy through pro-market reforms and increasing the legitimacy of government institutions through political liberalization. However, a brutal civil war waged by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in Northern Uganda left thousands dead and millions displaced, dampening economic activity and deepening poverty in the region. After protracted peace efforts, the LRA was pushed out of Uganda in 2005, and there have been no major security incidents since then.

In 2012, Uganda ranked 161 of 187 countries on the Human Development Index compiled by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Despite many efforts to improve social sector outcomes; the chances of Uganda reaching all of the MDGs by 2015 are slim, as Uganda is off track on particular health-related MDGs. In the early 2000s, the government initiated a comprehensive program of health reforms to improve effectiveness, responsiveness, and equity in the health care delivery system, including abolishing user fees in government units, improving management systems, decentralizing service delivery and promoting public–private partnerships. These reforms have helped to improve the sector performance and outcomes. They are credited as being pro-poor, especially by improving access and reducing cost. Perceived deterioration of governance and an increase in corruption (including the perceived growing culture of impunity for grand corruption and pervasive “quiet corruption”) threatens to tarnish Uganda’s image as a development model and challenge its future development efforts.

Last updated: October 2013


DDR in Uganda

DDR activities in Uganda focused on repatriating and reintegrating “reporters”, or ex-rebels and/or ex-abductees from the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). Other groups targeted were ex-members the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), West Nile Bank Front (WNBF), FOBA/NOM, Uganda National Democratic Alliance Front (UDA/F) and the Uganda National Freedom Movement/Army (UNFM/A).

Since 2000, the Amnesty Commission is mandated by the Government of Uganda to support the demobilization and reintegration of ex-rebels. From 2004 to 2007, the Commission received a US$ 4.2 million grant from the MDRP. As a result, 16,256 individuals were demobilized, and reinsertion support was provided to 14,816 ex-combatants. At the request of the Government, the World Bank established a new multi-donor trust fund in January 2008 in support of a follow-up project for the demobilization and reintegration of rebel combatants and their collaborators (budget: US$8.2 million from bilateral donors). The program, which directly supported the work of the Amnesty Commission, closed in June 2011.

The TDRP continues to provide technical assistance to the Amnesty Commission to finalize evaluations and assessment of DDR activities.


Country facts
Democratic Republic of Congo
Population (millions) 36.35
Life expectancy at birth (years) 58
Surface area (thousands sq. km) 236,040
Gross national income per capita (current US$) 440
GDP growth (annual %) 3.4
 World Development Indicators
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